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What Is Nether Wart?
Nether wart is a type of crop that can be found growing in and around nether fortresses and inside chests within the fortress. You will not find it growing in the overworld. As pictured above, it's red in color and can usually be found growing in patches next to stairwells. It will only grow in soul sand.
Despite both soul sand and nether wart only being found in the nether, you can grow it in the overworld. If you find one of these patches, it's a good idea to collect it and take it to your home. Collect all of the wart and enough of the soul sand to build a place to farm it.
How to Find It in Fortresses
The biggest challenge to building a nether wart farm is just finding it first. You have to locate a fortress in the nether, which can be challenging. Once you locate a fortress, you'll want to carefully explore it until you find a patch growing. This is the only way to get it. Below you'll find a tutorial video to help you locate a fortress.
When you go to search, you'll want to have a lot of weapons, armor, and blocks with you. Blocks can be used to mark your path back out of the fortress, as well as creating barriers between you and wither skeletons. Wither skeletons are 3 blocks high. Creating a barriers at 2 blocks high as you search can help you survive.
Nether wart is mainly used for brewing potions. Once you have your brewing stand built, you should start all potions with this ingredient. It can also be used to make red nether bricks, the ones found in fortresses.
It can be made into blocks, but be careful: Nether wart blocks are meant for decorative purposes only, and it cannot be converted back once you've crafted the block. Storing it like this will not work. If you plan on making a lot of potions, you will need to build a bigger farm. I suggest just adding several chests to store it in.
Building a Nether Wart Farm
1. Choose a Size for Your Farm
First, decide how large you want to make your farm. The more potions you plan to make, the bigger your farm will need to be. You will need to gather the nether wart and enough soul sand to cover the growing area. Personally, I don't brew many potions, so a small farm is adequate. I generally use a 3x3- or 3x4-block area.
2. Decide Where to Build It
Any area will work; it is not affected by light, and you don't need to plant it next to water. It's safest to build an area inside your base that's well lit. This will avoid hostile mobs spawning.
3. Lay Out Your Soul Sand and Plant the Wart
Remember, it will only grow in soul sand. Now you lay your soul sand out, and begin planting it. Simply right click and place it as you would plant any other crop.
4. Watch It Grow, Then Harvest!
Your nether wart farm is now up and running. Walking on it will not affect the crop, and light does not affect the growing rate. It grows in four different stages. You want to wait until it's fully mature before harvesting it.
- If you harvest it in stages 1–3, it will only yield one crop.
- At stage 4, it will yield 2–4 crops.
How Fast Does Nether Wart Grow?
The growth rate of nether wart is completely random. The rate cannot be sped up by bone meal. There are no limits on the length of time it will take for your crop to mature. The average length of time is between 3-4 minutes for growth. While you're waiting, you can gather materials for brewing potions or, you can expand your farming area.
Some materials you will need for brewing potions are glass bottles. Glass bottles are made by smelting sand into glass. Then placing the glass in a triangle shape in your crafting table. This will yield 3 glass bottles. You will also need water. Some people may use a cauldron, but this doesn't last long. An infinite source of water is best. You can also go out and gather gun powder, glow stone, and red stone. These are used for making potions splash, last longer, and more potent.
It's very convenient to have your brewing stand and storage chest near your farm. Each glass bottle will have to be filled with water before brewing potions. So expanding your farming area out and then adding an infinite water supply, your brewing stand, and several chest for storage is ideal for brewing potions.
Materials for Brewing Potions
- Brewing stand.
- Infinite water supply.
- Glass bottles.
- Nether wart.
- Gun powder.
- Glow stone.
- Red stone.
- Various items for specific potions such as puffer fish, glistering melon, spider eye, fermented spider, and several more items.
Collecting these items should keep you busy while your crops grow. Having a good stock of all of these things will make brewing potions much simpler!
Automating Your Farm
A small farm will suffice if you don't plan on brewing many potions, or using decorative blocks. However, if you want a large farm, you may want to automate it. This can make gathering the nether wart faster and more convenient. It is much more time consuming to build an automated farm. Below are some addition links and tutorial videos detailing how to build an automated farm and further information on nether wart.