Simple Minecraft Potion Brewing Guide

Updated on August 22, 2018
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I'm a 36-year-old mom and registered nurse. My son is 8, and he loves Minecraft. We enjoy playing together all the time!

The Brewing Stand

Before you can begin, you'll need the basics. Obviously you'll need a brewing stand. This is created by placing three cobblestone in the bottom row of your crafting table, then placing a Blaze rod in the middle box.

Blazes are mobs found only in and around Nether fortresses. Once you've found a nether fortress, search it until you find a Blaze spawner. Then quickly fill in the roof and the entry, leaving only a one block height opening. This is the easiest way to collect Blaze rods without getting hurt.

Brewing Stand Recipe

Nether Wart

You'll also need nether wart. Once again, this is only found in nether fortresses. If you've found a Blaze spawner, you've likely found nether wart while you were looking.

It's a red crop that grows in soul sand, often by stairwells in the fortress. You should collect all of it, and a good amount of soul sand as well. Soul sand is required to grow the nether wart in the overworld. You should wait until it is fully matured to harvest.

Nether wart is used in all potions. Once you've gathered the nether wart, the blaze rods, and the soul sand, take them all back to the overworld. Build a room in your base that's big enough to lay out your soul sand, place your stand, place a supply of water, and a few chests.

Make sure the room is well-lit to ensure no mobs spawn in your base. Nether wart is not affected by light and it's growing time is random. Planting it near the stand ensures you're nearby often so it will continue to grow. Plus, it's readily available while you're brewing potions.

Nether wart growing at all stages.  You can see the mature stage to left.  You'll want to wait to harvest until it reaches this stage.  If you harvest too soon, it will only yield one crop per plant.  Fully matured it will yield 2-4 crops.
Nether wart growing at all stages. You can see the mature stage to left. You'll want to wait to harvest until it reaches this stage. If you harvest too soon, it will only yield one crop per plant. Fully matured it will yield 2-4 crops.

Setting Up Your Room

The room for potion brewing should be big enough to grow your nether wart, place your brewing stand, have a never-ending supply of water, and several chests. You might want a crafting table nearby as well. A 10x10 room should be big enough, but leave room to expand if you plan on brewing a lot of potions.

You'll need a supply of glass bottles as well. Glass bottles are made by smelting sand into glass. Then placing the glass blocks in a triangle fashion in your crafting table. The same formation as a bucket, only with glass blocks. This will yield 3 glass bottles. Your never-ending supply of water will be used to fill these glass bottles.

The basics you'll need-

  • Brewing stand.
  • Nether wart.
  • Glass bottles.
  • Never-ending water supply.
  • Chests.
  • An area to grow nether wart.

Minecraft Potion Brewing Basics

To begin, right click on the stand. This will open the grid. You will see an area to the left for Blaze powder. This is what powers your stand. To make Blaze powder, place one Blaze rod in the crafting table. This will yield 2 powders. Now, place a powder in the stand for fuel. Next, fill 3 glass bottles with water. Place these bottles at the bottom of the grid. You'll want to always use 3 glass bottles to get the most out of your items. Now, your stand is ready for ingredients.

Minecraft Potion Brewing Grid

The Ingredients

The ingredients will go in the top slot of the grid. The first ingredient will always be nether wart. Almost every potion requires this, so it's best to put it in first.

The second ingredient will depend on what type you want to make. For example, if you want water breathing, you would add a puffer fish next. You can stop at this point and you'd have a basic water breathing potion.

Here is where it gets tricky. You can add several different ingredients at this point to either strengthen, reverse the effect, make it last longer, or make it a splash. For example, you now have a basic water breathing potion, but if you add red stone as your last ingredient, the effect will last much longer.

You can make it last longer with red stone. Glow stone will increase the strength. Gun powder will make it a splash. Adding a fermented spider eye will reverse the effect. A splash potion allows you to throw the bottle at another player or mob to get the effect. For example, you might throw a splash potion of weakness at a hostile mob.

Minecraft potion brewing is not complicated when you remember these rules-

  • Adding red stone will make it last much longer.
  • Adding glow stone will make it much stronger.
  • Adding gun powder will make it a splash potion.
  • Adding a fermented spider eye will reverse the effects.
  • You cannot add glow stone and red stone to the same potion.

Potion Brewing Guide

Golden Carrot
Night vision
Golden Carrot
Fermented Spider Eye
Puffer Fish
Water Breathing
Rabbit's Foot
Rabbit's Foot
Fermented Spider Eye
Fermented Spider Eye
Magma Cream
Fire Resistance
Fermented Spider Eye
Glistering Melon
Glistering Melon
Fermented Spider Eye
Spider Eye
Ghast Tear
Blaze Powder
Remember, adding red stone will increase the duration of the potion. Adding glow stone will increase the strength. You cannot add both to one potion. You can add gun powder to make any of them a splash potion, and therefore throwable at other play


In some instances, the same potion can be made using different ingredients. You can try different combinations but they may not always work.

In summary, remember the steps below to make brewing potions much easier!

  • Always use three glass bottles to get the most out of your items.
  • Make sure glass bottles are full of water.
  • Add nether wart as first ingredient.
  • Second ingredient should be the item for which potion you are intending to make.
  • A third ingredient does not have to be added.
  • Third ingredient may be fermented spider eye if you intend to reverse the effect.
  • Third or fourth ingredient should be either glow stone or red stone, never both.
  • Glow stone will increase the effect.
  • Redstone will increase the duration.
  • Lastly, add gun powder to make it a splash potion.


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    • profile image

      Avery Stroderd 

      31 hours ago

      olivia wilson you should probaly just save up money and if she wont let you play the game because of violence show her creative mode and peacful mode

    • profile image

      olivia wilson 

      13 months ago

      hi my name is olivia i love minecraft to but my mom wont let me by the full game what should i do also how old is your son


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