A Guide to Mushroom Farming in Minecraft

Updated on February 7, 2018

Creating a Mushroom Farm in Five Steps

Mushrooms will only spawn at a light level of 12 or less. They will spread up to two blocks away in all directions, including diagonally. All you really need to establish a mushroom farm is a decently sized area that's dark enough.

  1. Begin by clearing out a room where you want your farm to be. If you want to grow a lot of mushrooms you should clear out a big room. Personally, I don't want or keep a lot of mushrooms because mushroom stew is not stackable in your inventory. Keep in mind that the bigger the room, the more you'll be able to grow.
  2. Next, place a few torches around. Ideally you'll want the light level to be between 8-12. This will prevent any hostile mobs from spawning. You should put a door up at the entrance of your mushroom farm, just in case you don't get the light level quite right and a mob spawns.
  3. Now, place your mushrooms at least a few blocks away from one another. If they pop right back out after being placed, that is a sign that the space is too light. If the space is not dark enough, you'll need to take down some torches or dig small holes in the walls or ceiling and place the torches inside the holes. Doing this will decrease the light level.
  4. Once you've formed your room, placed your torches, and planted your mushrooms, you will begin the long process of waiting for your crop to spread. It takes mushrooms quite a while to spread, so you should do something else while you wait. Come back to your farm periodically to check on how it is growing.
  5. Once you notice that the mushrooms have begun to spread, I suggest that you start farming them fairly frequently. Mushrooms will stop spreading if the game detects more than 5 in a small area.

There you have it! Creating a mushroom farm should be easy if you follow the steps provided. This is not the only way to create a farm, but it is one of the easier ways to start the endeavor.

A very basic mushroom farm to get you started.
A very basic mushroom farm to get you started.
Dig a hole in the wall of your farm, and place the torch back in it.  This helps keep the lighting low.
Dig a hole in the wall of your farm, and place the torch back in it. This helps keep the lighting low.

Creating an Automated Farm

Now that you know the basics of mushroom-farming, you might want to try creating a more complex or automated farm. The same rules will apply regarding spreading, the light levels, and when your crop will stop spreading.

There are many ways to make an automated mushroom farm, and I've found that all of the methods are a bit tedious. This is why the simple version is good enough for me. Some items you're going to need are a few pickaxes, 20 redstone, a few glass blocks, a switch, a sticky piston, 2 buckets of water, and a smooth stone.

Once you have all the necessary items, find a large area in your home. You'll want to find an area you can use just for this purpose. Similarly to the simple farm, I recommend putting a door at the entrance to this area. The video below, describes the easiest means of creating an automated mushroom farm. The video includes step-by-step instructions and the directions are easy to follow.

Step-by-Step Automated Mushroom Farming

Minecraft Mushroom Facts and Tips

  • Mushrooms will only spawn or spread at a light level of 12 or less.
  • They can spread up to two blocks away in every direction, even diagonally, as long as all blocks in that direction are clear.
  • They will stop spreading if the game detects more than five of the same color mushrooms in a 9x9 area.
  • They can spread up or down a block.
  • With enough space and bone meal, you can grow giant mushrooms.
  • Brown mushrooms emit a very small amount of light.
  • You can't eat them plain, you have to craft them into stew or rabbit stew.
  • You can make a small base inside of giant mushrooms.
  • Use an axe to cut down giant mushrooms.
  • In some Minecraft mods, some mushrooms will make you hallucinate if you eat them plain.
  • Mushroom stew will fill up 6 hunger.
  • Stew is not stackable in your inventory.

Minecraft Bowl Recipe

Craft some bowls for your stew!
Craft some bowls for your stew!

Minecraft Mushroom Stew Recipe

Now that you've farmed lots of mushrooms, craft some mushroom stew!
Now that you've farmed lots of mushrooms, craft some mushroom stew!

Crafting Mushroom Stew

Now that you've got your farm going, it's time to craft some mushroom stew. Unfortunately, mushrooms cannot be eaten by themselves. In fact, some Minecraft mods will make you hallucinate if you eat mushrooms by themselves. Mushroom stew will replenish 6 hunger at a time. They are not stackable in your inventory.

First craft some bowls by taking wooden planks and placing them in a V shape as shown in the image above. Then take your bowl and place the red and brown mushroom in the slots above and to the side of the bowl. It does not matter which kind you put into each slot, as long as they are in the slots as shown in the image.

How to Eat the Stew

  • If you're playing the PC version of the game, make sure your mushroom stew is in your hot bar and selected. Make sure your mouse is not pointed on any items nearby.
  • Hold down the right-click button and you'll begin to eat the stew. Hold down the button until your player has finished eating the stew and your hunger bar completely fills up. If you release the button too soon, your player will not have eaten the stew and your hunger bars will not change.
  • Eating stew in the Minecraft PE edition will require a different approach. Place your mushroom stew in your hot bar and make sure it's selected.
  • Point your indicator/player away from any nearby items.
  • Now press the mine button and hold it down as if you were mining stone or something else.
  • Hold this button down until your player finishes eating the stew and you see your hunger bars fill up.

By now, you should be familiar with the basics of mushroom farming. Watch the video below to learn more fun facts about Minecraft mushrooms. Enjoy your stew and thanks for reading!

Things You Might Not Know About Minecraft Mushrooms

Do You Prefer a Small Simple Farm or a More Complex Automated Mushroom Farm?

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