Going Nowhere Fast: A Traffic Tips Guide for SimCity 2013
With patches to the game and improvements in AI, you can expect your traffic problems to get better as time goes on, but sometimes better just isn't good enough to solve your problems. Although it might be easy to overlook the basics of transportation in SimCity 2013—especially if you’re like me and just want to get in that sandbox and dig—several factors in that game can work together to make your city look like an eternal traffic jam. Fortunately, I've made all sorts of mistakes, so you don’t have to. Although my Park-and-Ride placement made the most improvement in my problems, the other tips below will also make your life a little easier and make traffic problems a thing of the past.
Make Them Walk!
I know it might seem kind of obvious when you think about it, but sometimes planning ahead is better than the most expensive infrastructure out there. If you have a Stadium, Casino, or Landmark tourist attraction you want to place it next to a Passenger Train Station or other mass transit hub so vast majorities of your Sims never need a car in the first place. No matter how wealthy they are, Sims will always walk if an acceptable destination for their current need is within 200m. This is the same distance that the green overlay of a bus stop covers, so you can use one of those overlays if you want to eyeball it. Encouraging your Sims to walk not only goes for tourist attractions, but for shopping and jobs too.
Although pollution is a factor in this, if you place a bunch of microhabitats with the proper RCI balance, most of your Sims won’t use any kind of vehicle.
Tip: Let Them Take the Train
One of the little-known facts about both the Train and Ferry system is that if it's faster to use the system to get to another part of the city, your Sims will use it. This is very useful if you like to keep your Residential and Commercial zones very intertwined, but have your Industrial all sectioned off in one part of your city. You can create a pocket of Residential around a train station, and your workers will all get to work on time via Train.
Never Use a Four-Way Stop at a Highway Connection
Or anywhere in your city really. Depending on your layout it might be a moot point, but if your highway connection has more than two links off of it, you've set yourself up for a horrible traffic problem. Having a three-way stop is manageable, but every time I've tried to set up a four-way stop anywhere in my city, eventually the traffic just wasn't manageable any more from all the backup. This was doubly true if neighboring cities were trying to "help" me by sending vehicles my way, as it just made the problem worse. If you can swing it, you’ll also want your first intersections as far away from your highway connection as possible; this will also help a great deal with highway traffic.
Use Buses to Eliminate Cars
One of the mistakes I made over and over again in my beginning cities was trying to go with the Streetcar every single time when I thought about mass transit. I knew that the Bus system was supposed to do the same thing as the Street Car, more or less, but like SimCity games in the past I wanted to use the rail system. I've learned that in SimCity 2013 the Bus is essential to having your city's traffic under control, and I've incorporated busses into my cities now.
If you're starting a new region without a Department of Transportation giving you access to a Bus Terminal, you'll have to start out by placing the Shuttle Bus Depot. You'll only need one of these while you're growing your city, and it doesn't really matter where you place it, as you'll want to upgrade to a Bus Terminal as soon as you have access to the Department of Transportation.
With the Shuttle Bus Depot in place, you're granted access to bus stops as well as the Park-and-Ride module. If you're like me, you may have started by placing bus stops all along the roads, not really caring about where you put them as long as all the roads are green. But if you take a little more care about it, you can solve most of your traffic problems with busses.
When you drill down close to street level, you can see that you can actually place bus stops on either side of the street. It's not truly necessary to place bus stops on both sides of the street, but when placing them in front of high-traffic spots like a University, you will want to have them right at the entrance on the correct side of the street to ensure the best flow of pedestrians.
Once you have your Department of Transportation set up you will need to place your Bus Terminal. This will make your Shuttle Bus Depot obsolete, but all of the bus stops you placed will still work. You will want to place your Bus Terminal not only near your highway connection but on the correct side of the road. Think about how busses will turn as soon as they head off of the highway, and place your terminal in a spot that allows these busses to drive directly into it with only that one turn off of the highway. If your busses need to turn around at another intersection, you can create huge buildups of bus backlog at your highway connection, causing many more problems than you solve.
Tip 1: Rich and Poor Won't Mix
Rich Sims won't ride the bus or take any kind of transportation that lumps them up with the little people. If you’re trying to attract wealthy Sims, set up either an Airport or a Cruise Ship Terminal, and set up your main attraction next to that.
Tip 2: Use the Right Bus Terminal
Not all Bus Terminals are the same. The British terminal has all its upgrade modules on its initial plot, unlike the base terminal that has some of its additions edging off behind it. The British version also holds more passengers per bus, so always use this one if you have the DLC.
Park-and-Rides Help a Lot
The number-one tip that this is all building up to is the placement of your Park-and-Ride lots. Park-and-Ride modules in SimCity 2013 are designed to let your Sims ditch their cars and use your mass transit system, so you’ll want to place them strategically around residential areas. This module is also special in that you can build this right onto the highway part of your connection to the outside, and not just on the roads that you build yourself.
Place two Park-and-Rides on the side of the road that your visitor traffic travels in on, and one on the side that the city traffic leaves on. One on each side might do it, but I prefer the second for overflow. These three Park-and-Rides changed my city from being so congested that I couldn't even keep the power flowing for lack of coal, to my streets looking downright empty and not needing those avenues at all. These three Park-and-Ride locations collectively have over 10,000 Sims using them each day and virtually eliminated all of my traffic problems by getting rid of cars before they ever truly entered my city.