How to Brew Potions in Minecraft

Updated on December 11, 2015
Dreamhowl profile image

Dreamhowl has been playing Minecraft since 2012. She enjoys building, farming, and breeding animals. She especially enjoys magic modpacks!

What are Potions?

In Minecraft, potions are brewable items that place different timed effects on the target player. By mixing different ingredients with water, numerous types of potions can be crafted to harm, heal and enhance the player or enemies. Potions can only have one effect at a time: for example, a potion cannot both heal the player and increase their running speed. To do both, you would need to use a Potion of Healing and a Potion of Swiftness.

Ever since the change made to potions in the 1.9 Beta Prerelease 2, there are a number of potions that are unused and cannot be crafted. These potions can still be acquired using the "/give" command, but they are otherwise not found in the game. Many of these potions appear to be base potions that are no longer of use, such as Clear Potion or Potent Potion. Usable potions can be crafted in a brewing stand with the proper ingredients.

 Learning how to brew potions can enhance your speed, strength, health and more!
Learning how to brew potions can enhance your speed, strength, health and more! | Source

How to Brew Potions

In Minecraft, potions are acquired by brewing water with different ingredients to obtain certain effects. There is one base potion and twelve basic primary potions available in-game, with the option to enhance their duration, effectiveness and area of effect. Let’s learn the basic potion recipes before we try to enhance them, though!

Click thumbnail to view full-size
To craft a brewing stand, all you need are one blaze rod and three cobblestone.Nether Portals are necessary to gather potion ingredients from the Nether.
To craft a brewing stand, all you need are one blaze rod and three cobblestone.
To craft a brewing stand, all you need are one blaze rod and three cobblestone. | Source
Nether Portals are necessary to gather potion ingredients from the Nether.
Nether Portals are necessary to gather potion ingredients from the Nether. | Source

1. Craft a Brewing Stand

A brewing stand is required to brew all types of potions in Minecraft. Right-clicking on a brewing stand brings up four slots; the bottom three spots are reserved for bottles or potions, while the top is reserved for a potion ingredient. This one ingredient will distill into the three bottles below, making it possible to craft three potions from one ingredient. To craft a brewing stand, complete the following steps:

  1. Right-click on a crafting table

  2. Fill the bottom row with cobblestone

  3. Place one blaze rod in the middle

Did You Know?

Did you know that building a Nether Portal opens up a whole new dimension in vanilla Minecraft? To build a portal, make a 4x5 rectangle of at least 10 obsidian blocks and ignite it with flint!

To use the brewing stand, the bottles must always be filled with either water or a potion - nothing will happen if the bottles are empty. A seasoned players know, cobblestone is easily found while mining underground. However, blaze rods can only be found in the Nether by killing Blazes, fire-throwing mobs that float in the air. Blaze spawners are usually found in Nether Fortresses. A Nether Portal is required to access the Nether in Minecraft.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Awkward potions are easy to brew and are the base to all primary potions.Glass Bottles filled with water are required to craft Awkward Potions.With some Soulsand and Nether Wart, you can start your own potion farm!
Awkward potions are easy to brew and are the base to all primary potions.
Awkward potions are easy to brew and are the base to all primary potions. | Source
Glass Bottles filled with water are required to craft Awkward Potions.
Glass Bottles filled with water are required to craft Awkward Potions. | Source
With some Soulsand and Nether Wart, you can start your own potion farm!
With some Soulsand and Nether Wart, you can start your own potion farm! | Source

2. Craft an Awkward Potion

An Awkward Potion is the base to all other potions in Minecraft. It is crafted in the brewing stand with a Water Bottle and Nether Wart. Nether Wart is found in the Nether, where it spawns by naturally growing in Soul Sand. If the player brings both Soul Sand and Nether Wart back through the Nether Portal, they can start their own farm for potion making! Awkward Potions are brewed with the following steps:

  1. Right-click on the brewing stand

  2. Place Nether Wart in the top slot

  3. Place Water Bottle in the bottom row

It takes the brewing stand about nineteen seconds to craft a potion once the ingredients and bottles are inserted. Brewing one Nether Wart into three Water Bottles will result in three Awkward Potions. This means that the player only needs one Nether Wart to brew three base potions. Awkward Potions are the base potions to most other recipes and have no actual effect on their own.

One Magma Cream and an Awkward Potion will produce a Potion of Fire Resistance.
One Magma Cream and an Awkward Potion will produce a Potion of Fire Resistance. | Source

3. Combine Base with Ingredients

Once you’ve brewed some Awkward Potions, you can begin to craft up some primary potions! These are potions with actual effects, such as increased strength, health and even invisibility. These potions will require more varied ingredients than Nether Wart, such as Blaze Powder, Magma Cream and Ghast Tears. You’ll need to do a lot of adventuring to craft primary potions so be prepared to go dungeoneering! The table below lists the types of primary potions available and their ingredients.

Primary Potions and Their Ingredients

Pirmary Potions
Base Potions
Ingredients
Descriptions
Potion of Fire Resistance
Awkward Potion
Magma Cream
No fire damage taken, lasts 3 minutes
Potion of Harming
Potion of Poison/Healing
Fermented Spider Eye
Deals 3 hearts damage to user
Potion of Healing
Awkward Potion
Glistening Melon
Heals 2 hearts to user
Potion of Invisibility
Potion of Night Vision
Fermented Spider Eye
Makes user invisible for 3 minutes
Potion of Night Vision
Awkward Potion
Golden Carrot
Brightens sight for 3 minutes
Potion of Poison
Awkward Potion
Spider Eye
Deals damage to user for 45 seconds
Potion of Regeneration
Awkward Potion
Ghast Tear
Heals 9 hearts to user over 45 seconds
Potion of Slowness
Potion of Swiftness
Fermented Spider Eye
Decreases movement speed of user for 4 minutes
Potion of Strength
Awkward Potion
Blaze Powder
Increases damage user deals for 3 minutes
Potion of Swiftness
Awkward Potion
Sugar
Increases movement speed of user for 3 minutes
Potion of Water Breathing
Awkward Potion
Pufferfish
User breathes underwater for 3 minutes
Potion of Weakness
Awkward Potion
Fermented Spider Eye
Decreases damage dealt by user for 1 minute 30 seconds
Awkward Potions are the base of most primary potions excluding a few.

Potions can either help the player or harm them, depending on the recipe used. Specific potions are great for certain situations; Potion of Fire Resistance, for example, is great for fighting mobs like Blazes in the Nether. If you are in a multiplayer environment, the Potion of Invisibility is a great way to sneak up on your enemies or hide from their detection. Knowing how to brew potions is a great skill in all aspects of Minecraft, so don’t overlook it!

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Brewing a Potion of Fire Resistance with Redstone Dust will increase the duration.Glowstone can be found in clusters in the Nether and can be gathered with a pickaxe.Redstone ore yields more Redstone Dust when mined than when smelted.
Brewing a Potion of Fire Resistance with Redstone Dust will increase the duration.
Brewing a Potion of Fire Resistance with Redstone Dust will increase the duration. | Source
Glowstone can be found in clusters in the Nether and can be gathered with a pickaxe.
Glowstone can be found in clusters in the Nether and can be gathered with a pickaxe. | Source
Redstone ore yields more Redstone Dust when mined than when smelted.
Redstone ore yields more Redstone Dust when mined than when smelted. | Source

4. Combine Potions with Powders

Did you know that you can enhance your primary potions to be more effective and last longer? By combining your potions with different powders, you can (for example) increase the duration of your Potion of Regeneration or turn your Potion of Slowness into a splash potion, increasing the amount of targets it can affect. Powders are the ground-down remnants of solid materials. For enhancing potions, you will only need Redstone Dust, Glowstone Dust and Gunpowder.

Potion Enhancements and Their Ingredients

Potions
Powders
Descriptions
Duration
Redstone Dust
Increases duration of potion
Effect
Glowstone Dust
Increases effect and decreases duration of potion
Splash
Gunpowder
Makes normal potions throwable
Brewing primary potions with these three dusts can enhance their effects.

As with many potion ingredients, Glowstone Dust is acquired in the Nether: players can mine Glowstone, which will break down into dust when placed in a crafting table. On the other hand, Redstone Dust is simply mined underground from redstone ore. Redstone ore can be smelted, but placing it on the ground and mining it with an iron pickaxe will yield up to five redstone dust in exchange. Gunpowder is the only dust that cannot be mined: it can be obtained by killing Creepers, Ghasts or Witches, as well as looting dungeon chests.

Potions are great in a pinch, especially when it comes to boss battles or multiplayer maps. You can make a secret lava shelter accessible only to you with Potions of fire Resistance, or rig a dispenser to toss Potions of Poison at whoever activates a pressure plate. If your brewing backfires, remember that potion effects can be cured by drinking a Bucket of Milk. Feel free to leave more potion ideas in the comment section below!

Questions & Answers

  • How do you make a Potion of Night Vision?

    You can make a Potion of Night Vision by brewing a Golden Carrot over an Awkward Potion. Awkward Potions are made by brewing Nether Wart over a water bottle.

© 2014 Jessica Marello

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    • profile image

      Genevieve 

      15 months ago

      I love Minecraft it's awesome !

    • Dreamhowl profile imageAUTHOR

      Jessica Marello 

      4 years ago from United States

      @SimilarSam: Thanks! They are fun to mess around with, though I don't use them a lot (especially since I mostly play modded Minecraft).

    • SimilarSam profile image

      Sam 

      4 years ago from Australia

      Great overview of potion brewing! Unfortunately I stopped playing Minecraft just as they were coming into the game so I never really got to play around with them.

    • Dreamhowl profile imageAUTHOR

      Jessica Marello 

      4 years ago from United States

      I love Minecraft as well! Thanks for reading. :)

    • profile image

      Lolly 

      4 years ago

      I love minecraft

    • Dreamhowl profile imageAUTHOR

      Jessica Marello 

      4 years ago from United States

      @ilikegames: I'm so excited! This hub wasn't getting a lot of love, so this was a pleasant surprise. Thank you!

    • Dreamhowl profile imageAUTHOR

      Jessica Marello 

      4 years ago from United States

      @amiebutchko: Thank you so much! Potions are so underrated.

    • ilikegames profile image

      Sarah Forester 

      4 years ago from Australia

      Here I've been slowly going through your Minecraft guides and now I'm getting alerts that you got Hub of the Day? Big congrats and another great Minecraft related page.

    • amiebutchko profile image

      Amie Butchko 

      4 years ago from Warwick, NY

      Great hub! My sons would love to read. I am going to pass along to them.

    • Dreamhowl profile imageAUTHOR

      Jessica Marello 

      4 years ago from United States

      No problem! I hope it helps him out.

    • stephanie mclain profile image

      Stephanie 

      4 years ago from Texas

      Minecraft. My son got this game for Christmas and has loved it every since. I think I'll send this hub to him to read. Thanks for sharing!

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