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How to Make Your Own Village in Minecraft

Updated on May 29, 2016
Dreamhowl profile image

Dreamhowl has been playing Minecraft since 2012. She enjoys building, farming, and breeding animals in vanilla and modded Minecraft.

Learn how to make a village by using doors, zombie villagers or transporting villagers!
Learn how to make a village by using doors, zombie villagers or transporting villagers! | Source

What is an NPC Village?

In Minecraft, a village or NPC village is a group of buildings lived in by NPC villagers (non-player characters). These villages spawn naturally into Minecraft worlds in either plains, savannah, or desert biomes. Villages found in plains and savannah biomes have structures largely made of Oak Wood and Cobblestone blocks, while villages in desert biomes have houses made of Sandstone blocks. The more homes an NPC village has, the greater the number of villagers that can breed and spawn.

The purpose of a Minecraft village is to house villagers, which players can then trade with for both common and rare items in-game, such as food, armor, weapons and more. The more villagers there are, the greater the selection of items and better the chance that they will be valuable. NPC villagers use Emeralds as currency, and will accept or offer Emeralds for various items. There are five main villager types: Butchers, Farmers, Blacksmiths, Librarians and Priests.

Villagers: A Short Instructional

Once you have found or created an NPC village, it is possible to breed villagers to increase your population. A village’s population is capped according to the amount of houses in the village; villagers will only mate until the number of adults is equal to or more than 35% of the houses. Houses in an NPC village are constituted by the number of doors in a qualifying structure. If you plan on making your own village in Minecraft, you’ll need to take into account the amount and placement of your wooden doors.

1. Identify NPC Village Structures

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Blacksmith shops are often found in spawned villages, along with a Blacksmith.Huts are small structures with dirt floors, windows, and a rounded roof.Small houses are the size of a hut, but have a stone floor and sometimes a balcony.Large houses are made with the same materials as small houses, but bigger!Churches are three stories high, with glass panes, ladders, and an altar.
Blacksmith shops are often found in spawned villages, along with a Blacksmith.
Blacksmith shops are often found in spawned villages, along with a Blacksmith. | Source
Huts are small structures with dirt floors, windows, and a rounded roof.
Huts are small structures with dirt floors, windows, and a rounded roof. | Source
Small houses are the size of a hut, but have a stone floor and sometimes a balcony.
Small houses are the size of a hut, but have a stone floor and sometimes a balcony. | Source
Large houses are made with the same materials as small houses, but bigger!
Large houses are made with the same materials as small houses, but bigger! | Source
Churches are three stories high, with glass panes, ladders, and an altar.
Churches are three stories high, with glass panes, ladders, and an altar. | Source

In your usual NPC village, there are a number of structures that spawn more or less randomly. Not all villages will have the same amount or type of buildings, though each type of structure is constructed the same way from village to village. If you find a village in your Minecraft world, it will contain any of the following buildings:

  • Hut: structure with dirt floors, windows, a rounded roof and sometimes a table (a pressure plate on top of a fence post). Accommodates one villager.

  • Small house: the size of a hut but with a cobblestone or sandstone floor and a flat roof. Sometimes have a fenced off balcony. Accommodates one villager.

  • Large house: made with the same materials as small houses but larger in size and L-shaped. Spawns with doors. Accommodates two farmer villagers.

  • Butcher’s shop: has small seating area (one table between two wooden stairs), stone slab counter and fenced off backyard. Accommodates a butcher and farmer villager.

  • Library: longer than other structures and includes a bench (wooden stairs) beneath row of bookshelves and a crafting table. Accommodates a librarian and farmer villager.

  • Blacksmith: spawned with small porch with small pool of lava, furnaces and stone slab work table and a chest inside. Has no door. Accommodates one blacksmith villager.

  • Church: tall structures with three floors, ladders and glass panes. Includes balcony on top and interior altar. Accommodates one priest villager and one farmer villager.

Villages also tend to spawn with wheat, carrot and potato farms, as well as wells, lamp posts and roads to connect buildings to one another. However, villages are not guaranteed to spawn with all of these structures or attributes; huts and small houses are fairly common, but libraries are more rare in occurrence.

2. Maximize the Amount of Doors

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This log cabin home has six doors, making it six houses in one structure!A wooden door with a block of dirt on the inside actually constitutes one house!
This log cabin home has six doors, making it six houses in one structure!
This log cabin home has six doors, making it six houses in one structure! | Source
A wooden door with a block of dirt on the inside actually constitutes one house!
A wooden door with a block of dirt on the inside actually constitutes one house! | Source

When building your own village, you do not have to conform to these randomly generated structures. In the grand scheme of things, these structures are inefficient for their size and amount of materials used. To truly maximize the size of the buildings in your village, all you need are simple structures with wooden doors, an inside, an outside, and roof blocks:

  • House: wooden door with an “inside” and “outside” space

  • Inside: has more spaces covered by roof blocks than outside

  • Outside: has less spaces covered by roof blocks than inside

  • Roof: opaque block the blocks direct sunlight from space below

Essentially, all you need to have a “house” is a wooden door with a block of material within five squares of the door on one side (the “inside”), and no blocks within five squares of the other (the “outside”). The block on the “inside” constitutes the “roof” of the house and can be at any height, including ground level. Surrounding a block with four wooden doors - each facing outwards - constitutes four houses!

As of Minecraft 1.8, villagers now only breed when willing. Villagers become willing when they are traded with; normal trading awards 3-6 experience, while making a villagers willing yields 8-11 experience. Villagers also become willing by having at least 3 bread, 12 potatoes, 12 carrots or 12 beetroots in their inventories. Food can be thrown at villagers to have them pick it up. Once a baby villager is born, the parents lose their willingness, and trading must be started all over again.

This minimalistic design saves space, but isn’t very aesthetic (or safe!) for a Minecraft village. From Normal difficulty and up, zombies spawn at night have the ability to attack and turn your villagers into “zombie villagers”. If your villagers have no protection when darkness falls, they are in danger of being turned or killed by zombies, skeletons, spiders and creepers. It doesn’t matter how you construct your houses as long as they conform to Minecraft’s “house” standards, but if you are looking to save space, try a “log cabin” design:

  1. Gather 25 Wood blocks, 6 Wooden Doors and 3 Wood Plank blocks

  2. Build a 3-by-5 foundation altering between Wood blocks and Wooden Doors

  3. Stack a second layer of Wood blocks onto the foundation layer

  4. Build a roof of Wood blocks with 3 Wood Plank blocks in the middle

This simple and effective design has six doors, with a chance of spawning 2.01 villagers and is equivalent to having six individual houses. Building just a few of these structures will house multiple villagers, increase your population cap and encourage villagers to breed and multiply. For a more aesthetically pleasing village, you can use different materials for each structure, or experiment with custom designs. You don’t need roads or farms, but never forget to light up your village with plenty of torches!

3. Find a Zombie Villager

Zombie villagers can be spawned or turned by zombies on Normal or Hard difficulty.
Zombie villagers can be spawned or turned by zombies on Normal or Hard difficulty. | Source

Building structures with an excess of doors no longer has a chance to spawn villagers over time in your Minecraft world; the new “breeding when willing” factor prevents the spawning of infinite villagers. But you are not out of options; it is possible to find and cure a zombie villager, or transport villagers from an NPC village to your own. While each method requires work and effort, they can be accomplished with some alchemy and ingenuity.

Only five percent of zombies spawned at night are zombie villagers. Like normal zombies, zombie villagers will attack the player and NPC villagers, as well as burn in direct sunlight. Normal zombies are also capable of turning villagers into zombie villagers; a group of unprotected villagers can be turned or killed by a mob of zombies in no time. There is a 100% chance that a villager will be turned in Hard difficulty, a 50% chance in Normal mode and a 0% chance in Easy and Peaceful difficulty.

4. Cure a Zombie Villager

Click thumbnail to view full-size
The crafting recipe for fermented spider eye.The brewing recipe for Potion of Weakness.The brewing recipe for Splash Potion of Weakness.The crafting recipe for Golden Apples.
The crafting recipe for fermented spider eye.
The crafting recipe for fermented spider eye. | Source
The brewing recipe for Potion of Weakness.
The brewing recipe for Potion of Weakness. | Source
The brewing recipe for Splash Potion of Weakness.
The brewing recipe for Splash Potion of Weakness. | Source
The crafting recipe for Golden Apples.
The crafting recipe for Golden Apples. | Source

In order to cure a zombie villager, you will need to weaken them with a Splash Potion of Weakness and then feed them a Golden Apple. It is recommended to trap zombie villagers in a “prison cell” of iron bars with a bed inside to increase the rate at which they are cured. Under normal conditions, a zombie villager will be cured in around three minutes time. To make a Potion of Weakness, you need the following items:

  • Mushroom

  • Sugar

  • Spider Eye

  • Water Bottle

  • Gunpowder

Combine the Mushroom, Sugar and Spider Eye in a Crafting Table to create Fermented Spider Eye. Then place the Fermented Spider Eye in the Brewing Stand over a Water Bottle to brew a Potion of Weakness. To turn your potion into a splash potion, simply combine it with Gunpowder in the Brewing Stand. After weakening your zombie villager, you need to feed them a Golden Apple to finish the job. To craft a Golden Apple, simply surround an Apple with eight Gold Nuggets in a Crafting Table. When the cure takes effect, other mobs will try to hurt your villager again, so be careful!

Trapping a zombie villager in an "iron bar prison" is said to speed the curing process.
Trapping a zombie villager in an "iron bar prison" is said to speed the curing process. | Source

If you would rather transport villagers from an NPC village to get your own village started, you can build a rail system and transport them in minecarts. However, this process takes a while and uses a lot of materials, especially if the NPC village is far away. Taking into account that a Minecraft “house” can simply be a wooden door with a block of some sort on one side, luring villagers from their home village to yours becomes a simple, cheap process:

  1. Confine villagers to one house by destroying the doors on all other houses

  2. Place a wooden door with a block behind it not too far away

  3. Destroy the wooden door on the house with the villagers inside

  4. Wait for the villagers to flock to the door of the “house” you just made

  5. Place another wooden door and block a few squares away

  6. Destroy the first door and block and wait for the villagers to follow

  7. Repeat the process until you reach your own Minecraft village

This system is much more cost effective than building a rail system to transport villagers from place to place. Remember that transporting them at night can be dangerous, especially if you have a lot of villagers to transport. Doing this process at night is required, however; villagers will only hide in “houses” during nighttime. Transporting villagers can give you a head start on building up your village’s population!

There is no right or wrong way to make your own village as long as your houses have wooden doors and an opaque roof within five squares of the “inside” of your houses! You can use whatever materials you’d like to build your houses, decorate as you wish and make as many structures as you feel necessary. You can even build apartment buildings or condos for your villagers to inhabit. Building your village on Creative Mode can speed up the process and give you access to more materials, if desired. Whatever you decide, have fun starting your very own Minecraft village!

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    • profile image

      johnbwilkins 4 years ago from Sweden

      Odd, but nice guide!

    • Dreamhowl profile image
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      Jessica Marello 4 years ago from United States

      Thanks for reading!

    • profile image

      summerberrie 4 years ago

      This is soooo cool. A really neat guide.

    • Dreamhowl profile image
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      Jessica Marello 4 years ago from United States

      Thanks! I'm glad you think so.

    • Alison Graham profile image

      Alison Graham 4 years ago from UK

      Your guide is fascinating and definitely makes me want to play the game - I just know though that if I ever got started, I would be playing Minecraft instead of working! Voted up as a great read though!

    • Dreamhowl profile image
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      Jessica Marello 4 years ago from United States

      Thanks for the feedback! It can be very addicting, though too much of it at a time usually wears me out until I need a break anyway.

    • JohnGreasyGamer profile image

      John Roberts 4 years ago from South Yorkshire, England

      I must say this is a fantastic guide! I tend to go on Creative Mode and have villages already made for me, but I think by playing the game how it should be, this will add so much more fun! Voted up, useful, interesting, awesome and funny! Keep up the good work, and I might consider subscribing!

    • Dreamhowl profile image
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      Jessica Marello 4 years ago from United States

      Thank you so much! I was playing with my boyfriend on a world where our home wasn't near a village. I found out you could make your own, and it is incredibly easy to do. I'm glad you loved my hub so much!

    • phtech profile image

      Skyler Parker 3 years ago from Idaho Falls, ID

      This is an awesome hub. Definitely adding a link back to my hub here: http://phtech.hubpages.com/hub/Minecraft-Pocket-Ed...

      About how long did it take you to write this hub?

    • Dreamhowl profile image
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      Jessica Marello 3 years ago from United States

      I don't remember exactly. It usually takes me a day to outline and research what I want to include in the hub, and another day to flesh it out and take my screenshots. Thanks for your feedback and the link back. You're super kind.

    • profile image

      JASSEN ASH 3 years ago

      Very helpful

    • Dreamhowl profile image
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      Jessica Marello 3 years ago from United States

      Glad I could help!

    • Rodric29 profile image

      Rodric Johnson 3 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      thanks for the tips

    • Dreamhowl profile image
      Author

      Jessica Marello 3 years ago from United States

      Thanks for reading!

    • SimilarSam profile image

      Sam 2 years ago from Australia

      Great overview of villages in Minecraft, I'm a fan of always doing the best to defend them in the first place but unfortunately zombies always sneak in somehow.

    • Dreamhowl profile image
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      Jessica Marello 2 years ago from United States

      @SimilarSam: Thanks! I had to make my own village in a few Minecraft worlds because I couldn't find any for the life of me.

    • AaronBurton profile image

      Aaron Burton 2 years ago from US

      Very cool!

    • Dreamhowl profile image
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      Jessica Marello 2 years ago from United States

      Thank you for reading, and glad you think so!

    • profile image

      Kurt Covaine 2 years ago

      Nice Work :D

      i always go in creative mode just to find already built village, because i don't know how to make then :/

      now i can :D

      i want to play with NPC, so that i don't feel a little lonely haha

    • Dreamhowl profile image
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      Jessica Marello 2 years ago from United States

      Thanks! Already built villages are cool too, less work involved. And as far as I know, this method still works and kicks in pretty quick.

    • profile image

      jjggg 2 years ago

      thanks a lot!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • Pantaleimona profile image

      Pantaleimona 2 years ago

      Thank you so much for this really helpful article. I am building an NPC village on a Realms server atm. Can you please tell me, will the NPCs "recognize" the structures I have built (Butcher, Library, etc.) only if I follow the traditional village blueprints? Or are there other identifiers that can be used by way of interior decorations?

    • Dreamhowl profile image
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      Jessica Marello 2 years ago from United States

      @Pantaleimona: I don't actually believe building according to village blueprints will help a villager identify a structure as a library, butcher, etc. At least, nothing has come up in research. I am sure if you breed enough times, you have a chance of getting specific villagers, but they might not recognize the village buildings. I will give it go, though, and let you know what I find!

      Also, villager breeding has changed a bit since recently: "as of Minecraft 1.8, villagers will now only breed when willing. Villagers become willing when they are traded with; normal trading awards 3-6 experience, while making a villagers willing yields 8-11 experience. Once a baby villager is born, the parents lose their willingness, and trading must be started all over again."

    • profile image

      ChasChas 13 months ago

      This is great! I have a question- do you know how to become a villager on minecraft? I'd really like to know.

    • Dreamhowl profile image
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      Jessica Marello 13 months ago from United States

      @ChasChas I know there is a mod called Morph that enables you to morph into any mob you kill. So if you killed a villager, you could morph into one.

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      Joe Mama 11 months ago

      Can villagers spawn in mushroom biomes? I'm building an artificial village in one. I know that monsters don't spawn in mushroom biomes, so that's why I'm asking.

    • Dreamhowl profile image
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      Jessica Marello 11 months ago from United States

      @JoeMama The last I knew, Mooshrooms were the only mob that spawned in mushroom biomes in vanilla Minecraft. I have yet to try breeding villagers on a mushroom island, so I don't know if it works. I'll come back and update if I discover more.

    • Dreamhowl profile image
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      Jessica Marello 11 months ago from United States

      @JoeMama I found a mushroom biome, spawned in a couple villagers, but have had no luck breeding them. I'm guessing that they cannot actually spawn in this biome. Let me know if you have better results, though!

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      Dan 3 weeks ago

      Very good article! Thanks! I found a village that has been completely killed by zombies. All the doors are gone and the place is empty. I put in new doors, but I guess you are saying that won't help anymore? Maybe I can steal some villagers from another village that isn't too far, but I don't want to destroy that village to do it. For the rail method, how do you load and unload villagers in the carts?

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