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How to Make Your Own Village in "Minecraft"

Jessica has been playing Minecraft since 2012. She enjoys building, farming, and breeding animals. She especially enjoys magic modpacks!

Learn how to create a village in "Minecraft" and find villagers to inhabit it!

Learn how to create a village in "Minecraft" and find villagers to inhabit it!

What Is a Village?

In Minecraft, a village is a group of buildings inhabited by villagers. Villages spawn into plains, savannah, taiga, snowy taiga, snowy tundra, and desert biomes. The type of village depends on the location of the village center, known as the meeting point. As of Village and Pillage 1.14, the number of villagers that spawn depends on the number of houses with beds.

Villages spawn with at least one house and villager, which players can trade with for items. The more villagers there are, the greater the selection of items and better the chance that they will be valuable. Villagers will accept or offer emeralds for various items. There are now fifteen villager professions, each with their own outfit:

Villager Professions and Outfits

Villager ProfessionVillager Outfit


Welding mask


Red headband, white apron


Golden monocle


Purple apron, creeper cloak


Straw hat


Fisher hat


Hat with feather, quiver on back


Brown apron, brown gloves


Glasses, book hat


Black apron, black gloves


Green coat


Brown hat, white apron


Black apron


Biome outfit, no extras


Eyepatch, black apron

Breeding Villagers

Once you have found a village, you can breed villagers to increase the population. A village’s population is based on the number of beds in the village. Villagers will only breed if the current population is less than 100% of the available beds. Since villagers sleep in beds at night, they must have unobstructed access to bed blocks. The structure of the houses you build for new villagers does not matter, as long as they include beds.

1. Create Houses for Villagers

In villages, the amount and type of structures spawn randomly when the world is created. The only buildings that spawn with beds are houses. Small houses are buildings with one bed, and medium houses are buildings with two beds. They often have different layouts, decorations, and different colored beds. You can mimic these houses when expanding your village, or come up with your own designs!

Buildings without beds correspond to villager professions. Each one contains a job site block that belongs to a spawned villager. Unemployed villagers will search for unclaimed job site blocks, so be sure to build those, too! When unemployed, villagers have no profession and cannot trade with players.

Village Buildings and Job Sites

Village BuildingJob Site Block


Blast furnace

Butcher Shop


Cartographer House

Cartography table

Fletcher House

Fletching table





Shepherd House





Brewing stand

Tool Smith

Smithing table



Villages may also spawn with animal pens, farms, wells, and lamps. Most villages also have a meeting point with a bell that produces sound when you click on it. Ringing a bell warns villagers to flee to the safety of their homes. The bell also reveals mobs within 64 blocks by making them glow! A bell is a useful tool, but it has no crafting recipe; some villagers may sell a bell for 36 emeralds.

2. Maximize the Number of Beds

When expanding your village, you do not have to conform to the default layout of structures. To maximize the size of your buildings, all you need are safe structures with walls, a roof, beds, and a door. You can even build an apartment to accommodate many villagers to make room for breeding!

Remember that zombies spawn at night and can turn your villagers into zombie villagers. Zombies, skeletons, spiders, and creepers will attack your villagers if they are outside. Light up the inside of your houses with torches to prevent mobs from spawning indoors. While villagers can sleep in beds outside, don’t expect them to survive the night!

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Read More From Levelskip

A zombie villager is being cured while trapped in an iron bar prison.

A zombie villager is being cured while trapped in an iron bar prison.

3. Find a Zombie Villager

Only five percent of zombies spawned at night are zombie villagers. Like normal zombies, zombie villagers will attack the player and other villagers. Zombie villagers also burn in direct sunlight. Normal zombies are also capable of turning villagers into zombie villagers. There is a 100% chance that a villager will be turned in hard difficulty and a 50% chance in normal mode. In easy and peaceful difficulty, there is a 0% chance.

Villages also have a 2% chance of generating as a zombie village. Zombie villages are full of zombie villagers, and all the houses are missing doors. There are no light sources, but zombie villagers can still burn in the sunlight. Glass panes are brown-stained instead of clear, and there may also be cobwebs and mossy cobblestone. If you find a zombie village, be sure to bring splash potions of weakness and golden apples with you!

4. Cure a Zombie Villager

To cure a zombie villager, you need to weaken them with a splash potion of weakness and feed them a golden apple. Trapping zombie villagers in a prison cell of iron bars increases the rate at which they are cured. Under normal conditions, a zombie villager will be cured in around three minutes time. Trapping zombie villagers also helps keep track of them while they are being cured! Brewing a potion of weakness requires the following ingredients:

  • Mushroom
  • Sugar
  • Spider eye
  • Water bottle
  • Gunpowder
  • Blaze powder

Combine the mushroom, sugar and spider eye in a crafting table to create fermented spider eye. Then place the fermented spider eye in the brewing stand over a water bottle to brew a potion of weakness. You will need to activate the brewing stand with blaze powder! To turn your potion into a splash potion, combine it with gunpowder in the brewing stand. To craft a golden apple, surround an apple with eight gold ingots in a crafting table. Be careful—when the cure takes effect, other mobs will try to hurt your villager!

A villager sleeps in a bed outdoors during transport to another village.

A villager sleeps in a bed outdoors during transport to another village.

5. Transport Villagers at Night

You can build a rail system to transport villagers from another village in minecarts. But this process takes a while and uses a lot of materials, especially if the village is far away. Luring villagers to your own with beds at night is a cheaper alternative:

  1. Wait for the villager to enter their home at night
  2. Destroy the bed the villager is sleeping in
  3. Place the bed down a short distance away
  4. Wait for the villager to walk over and sleep in the bed
  5. Destroy the bed the villager is sleeping in again
  6. Place the bed a short distance away
  7. Repeat the process until you reach your own village

This is more cost effective than building a rail system to transport villagers. But remember that transporting villagers at night can be dangerous! Doing this process at night is required because villagers will only sleep at night. Lighting the way to your village with torches will help make the trip safer. Transporting villagers this way can help you raise your village’s population!

Design Your Village However You Want

There is no right or wrong way to make your own village as long as your houses have beds to accommodate villagers. You can use any materials to build your houses, decorate as you wish, and make as many structures as you like. You can even build apartment buildings or condos for your villagers. Building your village on creative mode can speed up the process and give you access to more materials. Whatever you decide, have fun creating your very own Minecraft village!

Questions & Answers

Question: How do I command a village to appear?

Answer: I don't know of any easy ways to do this. I've seen server plugins for it, but not a command that you can type into a command block.

Question: Can you build a village underground?

Answer: You can if you build underground structures and lure existing villagers down. I've never tried it myself, but I'll check it out!

Question: While playing Minecraft, I've spawned near a new gen village on my Nintendo Switch game and I was wondering if I have to build specific houses to get villagers with certain jobs, or if any house design would do? For instance, my village has no library so I haven't seen a librarian.

Answer: The type of building shouldn't matter. In the PC version at least, it is now more based on the number of beds available and by breeding the villagers when willing.

Question: How can I spawn fishermen in Minecraft?

Answer: As far as I know, you can't spawn specific villager types. You would have to go into creative mode and use villager eggs until a fisherman appeared.

Question: How many fence posts are needed to make a lamp post?

Answer: It's a cosmetic choice that is up to you, but in generic villages, the lamp posts tend to have two fence posts.

Question: I’ve found deserted Minecraft village and I was wondering if I can revive the village and bring the villagers back?

Answer: If you try to bring villagers from another village over, you may be able to revive it.

Question: Can you take a crop harvested by a villager?

Answer: I believe that once the villager has harvested crops, you cannot take them from them.

Question: Can there be too many villagers in a village? In my village I built, a few of the villagers refuse to take professions. Is there a limit to how many employed villagers exist in a certain range?

Answer: Do you have enough beds for every villager in your village? This includes children - they need to sleep in beds as well.

Question: In Minecraft, what mobs will kill villagers?

Answer: Zombies are the only mobs that actively try to kill villagers - other mobs like skeletons and spiders specifically attack the player.

Question: How do you build a hut in Minecraft?

Answer: In villages, huts are tiny buildings made of wood logs, planks, cobblestone, and dirt (with glass panes for windows). You can follow that design, or make up your own!

Question: In Minecraft, can I call those village churches "mini castles"?

Answer: Sure! They definitely look like miniature castles, so the name fits.

Question: Can I play Minecraft as a guest?

Answer: If you are playing on the computer, you need an account to play Minecraft. If you are playing on an Xbox with someone who already has an account, you can play multiplayer with them, though!

Question: How do you color beds in Minecraft?

Answer: It's the same as the basic recipe for a bed - a row of wool blocks over a row of wood planks - except you use different colors of wool! The wool colors have to match - so if you want a pink bed, you need three pink wool. To get different colored wool, you need the corresponding dyes, which you can use directly on a sheep before shearing it.

Question: In Minecraft, can you just spawn villagers in your village and it will be fine as long as you have houses and beds?

Answer: Yes, if you spawn them in with Villager eggs, they will sleep in your existing beds. They will need unclaimed job sites to take on a profession, though!

Question: If I build village structures with beds and all, is there a chance that villagers will just spawn in the village? I'm in Minecraft Pocket Edition and I've been searching for a village for days!

Answer: It's unlikely that they will spawn on their own. That mechanic seems to have changed in the newer updates.

Question: In Minecraft, do the villagers have to be in the biome that they were from to stay?

Answer: No, that shouldn't matter as long as they have a building with beds inside.

Question: I've noted that the traveling trader shows up anywhere I stick around if I get just one other villager will he breed?

Answer: As far as I know, you cannot breed other villagers with the wandering trader.

Question: Can I use spawn eggs for my villagers when playing Minecraft?

Answer: Yes. It can be difficult to move villagers over with the recent updates, and breeding does not work the way it used to.

Question: Should I make walls to defend it?

Answer: If you like! But remember to put torches along the top of the wall to prevent mobs from spawning up there.

Question: Do villages spawn on islands when playing Minecraft?

Answer: It's possible, as far as I know!

Question: How can I live like a villager in Minecraft?

Answer: In the latest update, villagers can all have different jobs. So you can pick one job - like farming, or fishing, etc - and practice that every day. Then you would go to sleep in your bed at night, wake up, and repeat!

Question: How do I assign a villager to a home in Minecraft?

Answer: You cannot assign a villager to a house - they will seek out a bed when night falls.

Question: How big can a village get in Minecraft?

Answer: As big as you make it!

Question: Can you lead villagers with a lead while playing Minecraft?

Answer: Not as far as I know, no.


Bacon on February 12, 2020:

In the new update pillager patrols cant spawn in villages does that count for these self made ones

Muffin on January 29, 2020:

You can spawn and Iron Golem

with four iron blocks and a pumpkin head

mehr on December 30, 2019:

Can you lure an Iron Golem to protect your own village?

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on August 20, 2019:

@Billie Thanks for reading, I'm glad you enjoyed it!

Billie Ellish on August 18, 2019:

When i was first starting off with music videos, I really liked minecraft, Thanks for the tutorial.

Logan Giesting on August 06, 2019:

I need help for the command of /locate new village’’ in Minecraft Pocket Edition, can you please.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on January 16, 2018:

@Savanna Thank you for reading it!

Savanna Murphy on January 06, 2018:

I really like this guide and thank you

Wade Wheaton on November 19, 2017:

Didn’t understand sorry I’m wade wheaton’s Child

Dan on July 03, 2017:

Very good article! Thanks! I found a village that has been completely killed by zombies. All the doors are gone and the place is empty. I put in new doors, but I guess you are saying that won't help anymore? Maybe I can steal some villagers from another village that isn't too far, but I don't want to destroy that village to do it. For the rail method, how do you load and unload villagers in the carts?

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on August 21, 2016:

@JoeMama I found a mushroom biome, spawned in a couple villagers, but have had no luck breeding them. I'm guessing that they cannot actually spawn in this biome. Let me know if you have better results, though!

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on August 21, 2016:

@JoeMama The last I knew, Mooshrooms were the only mob that spawned in mushroom biomes in vanilla Minecraft. I have yet to try breeding villagers on a mushroom island, so I don't know if it works. I'll come back and update if I discover more.

Joe Mama on August 21, 2016:

Can villagers spawn in mushroom biomes? I'm building an artificial village in one. I know that monsters don't spawn in mushroom biomes, so that's why I'm asking.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on June 14, 2016:

@ChasChas I know there is a mod called Morph that enables you to morph into any mob you kill. So if you killed a villager, you could morph into one.

ChasChas on June 11, 2016:

This is great! I have a question- do you know how to become a villager on minecraft? I'd really like to know.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on February 24, 2015:

@Pantaleimona: I don't actually believe building according to village blueprints will help a villager identify a structure as a library, butcher, etc. At least, nothing has come up in research. I am sure if you breed enough times, you have a chance of getting specific villagers, but they might not recognize the village buildings. I will give it go, though, and let you know what I find!

Also, villager breeding has changed a bit since recently: "as of Minecraft 1.8, villagers will now only breed when willing. Villagers become willing when they are traded with; normal trading awards 3-6 experience, while making a villagers willing yields 8-11 experience. Once a baby villager is born, the parents lose their willingness, and trading must be started all over again."

Pantaleimona on February 23, 2015:

Thank you so much for this really helpful article. I am building an NPC village on a Realms server atm. Can you please tell me, will the NPCs "recognize" the structures I have built (Butcher, Library, etc.) only if I follow the traditional village blueprints? Or are there other identifiers that can be used by way of interior decorations?

jjggg on October 12, 2014:

thanks a lot!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on October 11, 2014:

Thanks! Already built villages are cool too, less work involved. And as far as I know, this method still works and kicks in pretty quick.

Kurt Covaine on October 11, 2014:

Nice Work :D

i always go in creative mode just to find already built village, because i don't know how to make then :/

now i can :D

i want to play with NPC, so that i don't feel a little lonely haha

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on October 10, 2014:

Thank you for reading, and glad you think so!

Aaron Burton from US on October 10, 2014:

Very cool!

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on August 24, 2014:

@SimilarSam: Thanks! I had to make my own village in a few Minecraft worlds because I couldn't find any for the life of me.

Samuel Franklin on August 23, 2014:

Great overview of villages in Minecraft, I'm a fan of always doing the best to defend them in the first place but unfortunately zombies always sneak in somehow.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on June 17, 2014:

Thanks for reading!

Rodric Anthony Johnson from Surprise, Arizona on June 17, 2014:

thanks for the tips

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on November 13, 2013:

Glad I could help!

JASSEN ASH on November 12, 2013:

Very helpful

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on September 25, 2013:

I don't remember exactly. It usually takes me a day to outline and research what I want to include in the hub, and another day to flesh it out and take my screenshots. Thanks for your feedback and the link back. You're super kind.

Skyler Parker from Idaho Falls, ID on September 24, 2013:

This is an awesome hub. Definitely adding a link back to my hub here:

About how long did it take you to write this hub?

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on June 07, 2013:

Thank you so much! I was playing with my boyfriend on a world where our home wasn't near a village. I found out you could make your own, and it is incredibly easy to do. I'm glad you loved my hub so much!

John Roberts from South Yorkshire, England on June 07, 2013:

I must say this is a fantastic guide! I tend to go on Creative Mode and have villages already made for me, but I think by playing the game how it should be, this will add so much more fun! Voted up, useful, interesting, awesome and funny! Keep up the good work, and I might consider subscribing!

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on May 18, 2013:

Thanks for the feedback! It can be very addicting, though too much of it at a time usually wears me out until I need a break anyway.

Alison Graham from UK on May 18, 2013:

Your guide is fascinating and definitely makes me want to play the game - I just know though that if I ever got started, I would be playing Minecraft instead of working! Voted up as a great read though!

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on May 17, 2013:

Thanks! I'm glad you think so.

summerberrie on May 17, 2013:

This is soooo cool. A really neat guide.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on May 16, 2013:

Thanks for reading!

johnbwilkins from Sweden on May 16, 2013:

Odd, but nice guide!

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