How to Make Your Own Village in Minecraft
What is a Village?
In Minecraft, a village is a group of buildings lived in by NPC villagers (non-player characters). These villages spawn naturally into Minecraft worlds in either plains, savannah, taiga, or desert biomes. Villages found in plains and savannah biomes have structures made of wood and cobblestone blocks, while villages in desert biomes have houses made of sandstone blocks. The more homes a village has, the greater the number of villagers that can breed and spawn.
The purpose of a Minecraft village is to house villagers, which players can then trade with for common and rare items in-game, such as food, armor, weapons and more. The more villagers there are, the greater the selection of items and better the chance that they will be valuable. NPC villagers use emeralds as currency, and will accept or offer emeralds for various items. There are five main villager types: butchers, farmers, blacksmiths, librarians and priests.
Villagers: A Short Instructional
Once you have found or created a village, you can breed villagers to increase your population. A village’s population is capped according to the amount of houses in the village; villagers will only mate until the number of adults is less than 35% of the houses. Houses in a village are defined by the number of doors in a structure. If you plan on making your own village in Minecraft, you’ll need to take into account the amount and placement of your wooden doors.
1. Identify Village StructuresClick thumbnail to view full-size
In villages, there are a number of structures that spawn more or less randomly. Not all villages will have the same amount or type of buildings, though each type of structure has the same layout. If you find a village in your Minecraft world, it can contain any of the following buildings:
Hut: structure with dirt floors, windows, a rounded roof and sometimes a table (a pressure plate on top of a fence post). Accommodates one villager.
Small house: the size of a hut but with a cobblestone or sandstone floor and a flat roof. Sometimes have a fenced off balcony. Accommodates one villager.
Large house: made with the same materials as small houses but larger in size and L-shaped. Spawns with doors. Accommodates two farmer villagers.
Butcher’s shop: has small seating area (one table between two wooden stairs), stone slab counter and fenced off backyard. Accommodates a butcher and farmer villager.
Library: longer than other structures and includes a bench (wooden stairs) beneath row of bookshelves and a crafting table. Accommodates a librarian and farmer villager.
Blacksmith: spawned with small porch with small pool of lava, furnaces and stone slab work table and a chest inside. Has no door. Accommodates one blacksmith villager.
Church: tall structures with three floors, ladders and glass panes. Includes balcony on top and interior altar. Accommodates one priest villager and one farmer villager.
Villages may also spawn with wheat, carrot and potato farms, along with wells, lamp posts and paths connecting buildings to one another. However, villages are not guaranteed to spawn with all of these structures or attributes; huts and small houses are common, but libraries are more rare in occurrence.
2. Maximize the Amount of DoorsClick thumbnail to view full-size
When building your own village, you do not have to conform to the default layout of structures. In the grand scheme of things, these buildings are inefficient for their size and amount of materials used. To maximize the size of the buildings in your village, all you need are simple structures with wooden doors, an inside, an outside, and roof blocks:
House: wooden door with an “inside” and “outside” space
Inside: has more spaces covered by roof blocks than outside
Outside: has less spaces covered by roof blocks than inside
Roof: opaque block the blocks direct sunlight from space below
Essentially, all you need to have a “house” is a wooden door with a block of material within five squares of the door on one side (the “inside”), and no blocks within five squares of the other (the “outside”). The block on the “inside” constitutes the “roof” of the house and can be at any height, including ground level. Surrounding a block with four wooden doors - each facing outwards - creates four houses!
As of Minecraft 1.8, villagers now only breed when willing. Villagers become willing when they are traded with; normal trading awards 3-6 experience, while making a villagers willing yields 8-11 experience. Villagers also become willing by having at least 3 bread, 12 potatoes, 12 carrots or 12 beetroots in their inventories. Food can be thrown at villagers to have them pick it up. Once a baby villager is born, the parents lose their willingness, and trading must be started all over again.
This minimalistic design saves space, but isn’t very aesthetic (or safe!) for a Minecraft village. From normal difficulty and up, zombies spawn at night and will attack and turn your villagers into “zombie villagers”. If your villagers have no protection when night falls, they will be targeted by zombies, skeletons, spiders and creepers. It doesn’t matter how you construct your houses as long as they conform to Minecraft’s “house” standards, but if you are looking to save space, try a “log cabin” design:
Gather 25 wood blocks, 6 wooden doors and 3 wood plank blocks
Build a 3-by-5 foundation altering between wood blocks and wooden doors
Stack a second layer of wood blocks onto the foundation layer
Build a roof of wood blocks with 3 wood plank blocks in the middle
This simple and effective design has six doors, with a chance of spawning 2.01 villagers and is equivalent to having six individual houses. Building just a few of these structures will house multiple villagers, increase your population cap and encourage villagers to breed and multiply. For a more aesthetically pleasing village, you can use different materials for each structure, or experiment with custom designs. And don't forget to light up your village with plenty of torches!
3. Find a Zombie Villager
Building structures with extra doors no longer has a chance to spawn villagers over time; the new “breeding when willing” factor prevents the spawning of infinite villagers. But you are not out of options; you can find and cure a zombie villager, or transport villagers from another village to your own. While each method requires work and effort, they are possible with some alchemy and ingenuity.
Only five percent of zombies spawned at night are zombie villagers. Like normal zombies, zombie villagers will attack the player and NPC villagers, as well as burn in direct sunlight. Normal zombies are also capable of turning villagers into zombie villagers. There is a 100% chance that a villager will be turned in hard difficulty, a 50% chance in normal mode and a 0% chance in easy and peaceful difficulty.
4. Cure a Zombie VillagerClick thumbnail to view full-size
To cure a zombie villager, you need to weaken them with a splash potion of weakness and then feed them a golden apple. Trapping zombie villagers in a “prison cell” of iron bars with a bed inside increases the rate at which they are cured. Under normal conditions, a zombie villager will be cured in around three minutes time. To make a potion of weakness, you need the following:
Combine the mushroom, sugar and spider eye in a crafting table to create fermented spider eye. Then place the fermented spider eye in the brewing stand over a water bottle to brew a potion of weakness. To turn your potion into a splash potion, combine it with gunpowder in the brewing stand. After weakening your zombie villager, you need to feed them a golden apple. To craft a golden apple, surround an apple with eight gold nuggets in a crafting table. Be careful - when the cure takes effect, other mobs will try to hurt your villager!
If you would rather transport villagers from another village to get your own village started, you can build a rail system and transport them in minecarts. However, this process takes a while and uses a lot of materials, especially if the village is far away. Since a Minecraft “house” is really just a wooden door with a block on one side, luring villagers from their home village to yours is a cheaper alternative:
- Wait for the villagers to enter their homes at night
Confine villagers to one house by destroying the doors on all other houses
Place a wooden door with a block behind it not too far away
Destroy the wooden door on the house with the villagers inside
Wait for the villagers to flock to the door of the “house” you just made
Place another wooden door and block a few squares away
Destroy the first door and block and wait for the villagers to follow
Repeat the process until you reach your own Minecraft village
Place blocks, farm, mine, and build - alone, or with friends!
This system is more cost effective than building a rail system to transport villagers from place to place. Remember that transporting them at night can be dangerous, especially if you have a lot of villagers to transport. Doing this process at night is required, however; villagers will only hide in “houses” during nighttime. lighting the way to your village with torches will help make the trip safer. And transporting villagers can give you a head start on building up your village’s population!
There is no right or wrong way to make your own village as long as your houses have wooden doors and a roof within five squares of the “inside” of your houses! You can use any materials to build your houses, decorate as you wish and make as many structures as you like. You can even build apartment buildings or condos for your villagers. Building your village on creative mode can speed up the process and give you access to more materials. Whatever you decide, have fun starting your very own Minecraft village!
Questions & Answers
How do I command a village to appear?
I don't know of any easy ways to do this. I've seen server plugins for it, but not a command that you can type into a command block.Helpful 13
In Minecraft, what mobs will kill villagers?
Zombies are the only mobs that actively try to kill villagers - other mobs like skeletons and spiders specifically attack the player.Helpful 7
Can you build a village underground?
You can if you build underground structures and lure existing villagers down. I've never tried it myself, but I'll check it out!Helpful 15
How many fence posts are needed to make a lamp post?
It's a cosmetic choice that is up to you, but in generic villages, the lamp posts tend to have two fence posts.Helpful 9
In Minecraft, can I call those village churches "mini castles"?
Sure! They definitely look like miniature castles, so the name fits.Helpful 6